Author: Alex Black
11.1 Antibody production and vaccination
Challenge and response.
2. Activation of B cells
3. Production of plasma cells
4. Production of memory cells
Production of monoclonal antibodies
Histamines are released by white blood cells in response to pathogens.
How muscles contract
Sliding filament model.
11.3 The kidney and osmoregulation
Osmosregulation in insects
Osmoregulation in bony fishes (Super class: Osteichthyes)
Consequences of dehydration and overhydration.
11.4 Sexual reproduction
Changes occuring in an ovary
Comparing Spermatogenesis and oogenesis
The birth process
HL Topic 11 Animal Physiology Copyright © by Alex Black. All Rights Reserved.